The Importance of Plant Botanic Conservation
No doubt, plants are the backbone of life and that explains why conservation is important. In the modern era, plants are some of the most threatened species as people need more land. The number of plants that are under the threat of extinction is growing day by day and the figure stands at around 100,000 plants. As you know, different living organism rely on plants for shelter and food and that means that the extinction of different plant species can affect the entire ecosystem. Therefore, destruction of forest cover should be treated as a global threat as it is the backbone of life. Since plants are the backbone of life, many agencies and bodies are available that focus on conserving different plant species and enjoy funding by different governments. Besides, different laws and policies are in place that helps in plant botanic conservation. Below, you will learn why plant conservation is important.
Plants natural processes such as photosynthesis help in cleaning of air as they take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Plant conservation is important to ensure the supply of fresh air to all the living organisms. A large forest cover will ensure that the supply of oxygen is maintained at life-sustaining levels hence protection of the entire ecosystem. Plants are also the primary producers in the food chain as they use sunlight to make energy. Therefore, removal of plants from the ecosystem can disrupt the food chain and different living organisms will die. Humans use different species of plants as food and that means that plant conservation should be given priority to ensure the supply of food to all the players in the food chain.
Soil erosion can lead to loss of fertile land and that is why many methods have been adopted to combat soil erosion. One of the ways to prevent different types of soil erosion is increasing plant cover. Plant conservation is encouraged as a way of avoiding some of the effects of soil erosion such as loss of fertility. The other reason to conserve plants is that they are raw materials to many industries such as food and clothing. Drug manufacturing companies use different plant species in the manufacture of drugs. Therefore, for drug research to continue, plant conservations should be prioritized.
Plant diversity is under threat as many plant species are being over-exploited. Today, the rate of logging has reached unsustainable levels putting timber plants under threat of extinction. Climate change is the other thing that affects the existence of different plant species and this is evident from the forest fires. As humans, we have the duty to ensure that plant species are protected by adopting the right plant conservation policies and laws. The most important approach for protecting different plant species is setting up plant botanic gardens. From the above discussion, it is evident that plants play a vital role in improving the quality of life and that explains the need for plant conservation strategies such as botanic gardens.